is a liver disease that is caused by a viral infection. The
disease affects millions of people both in the United States
are several types of hepatitis; the main three are hepatitis
A, B, and C. Hepatitis A is caused by the hepatitis A virus
(HAV) and does not lead to a chronic infection. It is found
in the stool of infected individuals and usually is spread
from person to person by putting anything in the mouth that
has been contaminated with infected stool. Hepatitis B and
C are diseases caused by their respective viruses (hepatitis
B virus and hepatitis C virus-HBV and HCV) and can result
in chronic infection. The viruses are blood-borne viruses,
which are transmitted during an exchange of blood or body
fluids. Vaccinations are available for hepatitis A and B,
but no vaccination is available for hepatitis C. Hepatitis
A can be prevented through good personal hygiene and proper
sanitation, and the risk of contracting hepatitis B and C
can be reduced by practicing safe-sex and not sharing needles.
different viruses cause these diseases, all three have similar
symptoms, if any are presented. Symptoms include jaundice,
fever, fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, and loss of appetite.
hepatitis is so prevalent, awareness and knowledge of the
different types, transmission, and prevention is essential.
For more information, click on hepatitis
A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis
C, or visit www.cdc.gov/hepatitis.
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Wisconsin HIV, STD, and Hepatitis C Information & Referral
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